May 30th, 2006


leucippus, spinoza, einstein

“οὐδὲν χρῆμα μάτην γίνεται, ἀλλὰ πάντα ἐκ λόγου τε καὶ ὑπ’ ἀνάγκης.”
“Nothing occurs at random, but everything for a reason and by necessity.”
— Leucippus (Diels and Kranz, 1985, 67B2), in G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven, and M. Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers, Second Edition, Cambridge University Press, 1983, p. 420

“Cujuscunque rei assignari debet causa seu ratio tam cur existit quam cur non existit.”
“Of everything whatsoever a cause or reason must be assigned, either for its existence, or for its non-existence.”
— Spinoza, Ethica, Pars Prima, Propositio XI

“God doesn’t play dice with the universe.”
— paraphrase of Albert Einstein, quoted in Abraham Pais, Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein, Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 440, 443